Basic introduction to Chinese rural dog.

Basic introduction to Chinese rural dog.

Chinese rural dogs belong to a mammal of the order Carnivora, Canidae, and Canine subfamily. When they grow up, they have a shoulder height of about 40-60 cm and a weight of 15-35 kg. It belongs to a native dog breed that needs to be rescued.

Chinese rural dogs are very similar in appearance to early wolves, Chinese wolves, and prairie wolves, with a short mouth and a flat forehead. Chinese rural dogs are mainly distributed in low-elevation Han clusters centered on the south of the Great Wall and east of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. They are widely found in Chinese Han rural areas and Southeast Asia. Nowadays, Chinese rural dogs are widely used as pets in urbanization. The Chinese Garden Dog is the product of the Chinese Han nationality’s farming society for thousands of years. It is a living fossil of history and culture, and is called the “Chinese National Dog.”

Breed introduction of Chinese rural dog

Chinese rural dogs in different regions also have small morphological differences, but they all have common main characteristics. Some friends think that the rural dogs are very different from place to place, and their free breeding is genetically unstable, as if they have no characteristics. In fact, as long as you observe carefully, you can still find their commonalities. When you recognize a so-called “earth dog” at random, you will be able to distinguish the pastoral dog by its similarities, but most people have not specifically refined the common characteristics of these pastoral dogs. Just like the individual differences of Tibetan mastiffs are also very large, some people say that Tibetan mastiffs are genetically unstable, but when you see a Tibetan mastiff, you can easily tell it is a Tibetan mastiff, indicating that its commonality is greater than individual differences. The same is true for the Chinese Pastoral Dog.

Species distribution of Chinese rural dog

Chinese rural dogs are mainly distributed south of the Great Wall,

Distribution Scope of Chinese Rural Dogs

The low-elevation Han gathering place in the east of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with the Central Plains as the center is the product of the Chinese Han nationality’s agricultural society for thousands of years. This definition of distribution is very important, and it is clear that the living environment of the Chinese Garden Dog is a low-altitude farming social area with a warm environment.

Of course, with the continuous migration of the Han nationality for thousands of years, the distribution range of Chinese rural dogs is also expanding. For example, in Northeast China, due to the Han immigrants, there are also many rural dogs in the rural areas that are different from the northeast pastoral areas, and some of them have crossed with dog breeds from other regions to form new breeds. But one thing is certain that Chinese rural dogs are the products of the farming society in Central Plains of China.

Subspecies distribution

Chinese rural dogs are widely distributed in rural areas of the Han nationality in China. Due to factors such as region, environment and blood relationship, many different strains and subspecies have been formed. From the analysis of the dog’s appearance characteristics and distribution area, Chinese rural dogs can be roughly divided into three major strains, namely the northern strain, the Jiangsu and Zhejiang strains, and the Guangdong and Guangxi strains.

Northern strain

Distribution from the Northeast-the Yellow River Basin-the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River-Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau (excluding minority areas), from the northeast to the southwest in a diagonal distribution. Although there are huge environmental differences in this vast area, especially the differences in the north-south climate and other factors, the individual size and hair quality of the dogs are different, but the dog breeds in this area are very similar in appearance. For example, the stupid dog commonly known in the Northeast is almost the same as the Sichuan native dog in appearance, except that the Northeast individual is larger, the hair is thicker and more cold-resistant; the Sichuan native dog is smaller, and the hair is thick and sparse in order to adapt to the humid climate in the south.

Dogs in Jiangsu and Zhejiang:

Mainly distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Anhui, the dog breeds in this area are characterized by long and upright ears, high ears, full inner ear hair, slender mouth and long limbs, mostly white belly hair, and less miscellaneous dogs. Medium- length and close-fitting.

The dogs in this area are very similar to the dogs in Japan and South Korea, and may be closely related to the frequent foreign exchanges in the East China Sea in ancient times. Not only the spread of Chinese culture to the outside world, but also all kinds of Chinese products including domestic animals and dogs are also brought to these places.

Dogs in Guangxi and Guangdong

The distribution area is centered on Guangdong, including parts of Guangxi and Fujian. The dog breeds in this area are also the most well-known to everyone. There are many excellent dog breeds that originated here, such as: Shar Pei, Chaoshan Big Tou ,

The Guangdong Chow Chow has a great relationship with the unique dog culture in Guangdong and Guangxi. These excellent dog breeds also have a deep relationship with the local pastoral dogs, and they have more or less similar blood sources and appearance characteristics.

The origin of the development of Chinese rural dog

“Zhou Li” Qiuguanshu records: There are three kinds of dogs, one is a field dog, two is a barking dog, and the three is a food dog. It can be seen that in ancient China, the classification of dogs was mostly based on functions, and did not pay attention to the appearance of dogs. Due to the different abilities, the best dog that can hunt becomes the field dog, and the dog that can’t hunt but is ferocious can become the barking dog of the housekeeper . If it is useless, it can only be eaten by people. Such manual screening methods make the dog breeds that are widespread in China do not have a fixed pedigree.

The Chinese traditional culture dominated by the Han nationality ignores dogs and the modern society dog ​​​​culture ignores the dog breeds, which makes the dog breeds that have been running on the land of China for more than 5,000 years without a decent name. The folks call it Tu dog. And “earth dog” literally understood as “local dog” does not become the name of a kind of dog, so the name and concept of “Chinese pastoral dog” appeared today.

Excluding these breeds, only look at the pastoral dogs. Their characteristics are: the main color of the dog is solid color and single color, and there are few miscellaneous dogs; due to the hot climate, the dogs are mainly close-fitting short- haired dogs, but some dogs have particularly long and thick hairs. Exist; ears are small and erect, tongues are often black or flowery, and the body has a strong sense of muscles. Due to the existence of the above-mentioned appearance characteristics and the large number of Guangdong Chow Chow in this area, it is suspected that the dogs in Guangdong and Guangxi are greatly influenced by the Chow Chow pedigree. Guangxi dog, Guangxi native dog, group hunting dog, standing ears, flower tongue or black tongue. It is often used to hunt wild boars.

Physiological indicators of Chinese rural dog

Touch: Use your thumb and index finger to pinch the web between the middle toes of the puppies’ forefoot, count the numbers from one to ten in the mouth, and gradually increase the intensity of the fingers accordingly; if the puppies have struggled violently at the beginning, they will face the head circle, restraint and train in the future Excessive sensitivity; a dog that struggles only at the strongest strength needs a tough trainer.

Hearing: Make the sound-producing device emit a loud sound first and then hide a corner-usually a metal cover or the like. After a sound, the puppies will be frightened. If they do not respond, they should be taken to the veterinarian immediately to check whether the dog is deaf. If the puppies can quickly return to normal and the source of the sound can be investigated, then that is Touzha is a good dog. With lingering palpitations, a dog with a sound source far away may not be suitable for a noisy family.

Vision: Choose some cloth strips to wave in front of the puppies. The confident puppies will quietly study what it is; the brave ones will try to bite it through; the cowardly ones have already hid.

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