Dog Diseases – Canine Rotavirus Infection
Rotavirus infection is mainly an intestinal infectious disease in puppies. With diarrhea as its main feature, adult dogs generally take a recessive course after infection.
Rotavirus exists in the intestinal tract of sick dogs, and is excreted with the feces, polluting the surrounding environment. The digestive tract is the main route of infection of this disease. Healed animals can still detoxify from the feces, but the duration of the detoxification is unclear. Rotavirus has a certain cross-infectivity between humans and animals, so as long as the virus persists in humans or an animal. It may cause the disease to spread for a long time in nature.
(1) Epidemic characteristics Dogs of all ages can be infected, but adult dogs are generally recessive and lack obvious symptoms. This disease mostly occurs in the cold season. Poor sanitary conditions can often induce this disease.
(2) Clinical features Severe diarrhea often occurs in puppies, with drainage-like to mucus-like stools, which can last for 8-10 days. But there was no major change in appetite and body temperature.
Usually based on the above changes, a preliminary diagnosis can be made. The diagnosis depends on electron microscopy. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent test is also a commonly used diagnostic method at present.
First, the sick dog should be immediately isolated to a clean, dry and warm place, stop breastfeeding, and switch to glucose-glycine solution (45 grams of glucose, 8.5 grams of calcium chloride, 6 grams of glycine, 0.5 grams of citrate, and 0.13 of potassium citrate. G, 4.3 g potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 200 ml water) or glucose amino acid solution for sick dogs to drink freely. Dextrose saline and 5% sodium bicarbonate solution can also be injected to prevent dehydration and desalination.
Second, it is necessary to ensure that puppies can eat enough colostrum to get immune protection. You can also try subcutaneous injection of adult dog serum.