Dog Medical Diseases – Enteritis
First, eat rotten or contaminated food, or accidentally eat poison bait, irritant drugs, foreign objects, etc.
second. Secondary to certain infectious diseases and parasitic diseases.
Diarrhea is the main symptom of enteritis, which can be seen at the beginning of the disease. The stool is liquid and has a foul smell. In the later stage, mucus, blood and foam are often mixed. On auscultation of the abdomen, you can hear increased peristalsis sounds, or thunder, abdomen tense, and lower back bends. When the inflammation spreads to the anterior duodenum or stomach, sick dogs often vomit. Such as when the sick dog has symptoms of tenesmus. Indicates that the inflammation has
Spread to the colon. When bleeding occurs in the small intestine, the stool appears dark green or black. Sick dogs have mild or moderate fever. If they are infected with bacteria, their body temperature can be as high as 39~39.5C. As the disease progresses, sick dogs can develop symptoms of dehydration and acidosis. At this time, the sick dog often lie on the ground, lack of elastic skin, sunken eyeballs, cyanosis of the conjunctiva, increased pulse rate, decreased urine output, and dark color.
According to medical history and current symptoms. It is easy to diagnose, but it is difficult to determine the cause of the disease.
(1) Food therapy should be fasted for 24 hours, and only a small amount of water should be given. After that, it can be fed with sugar-salt water rice soup (1 gram of salt and 10 grams of multidimensional glucose per 100 ml of rice soup), or broth, starch paste, and milk., Soy milk, etc., and then gradually thicken until the normal diet is completely restored.
(2) To clean the stomach and intestines, laxatives such as sodium sulfate and artificial salt should be taken orally in appropriate amounts.
(3) 0.1-0.5 grams of berberine for anti-inflammatory and antidiarrheal use, orally taken 3 times a day. Sulfamidine (0.1-0.3 g/kg body weight, divided into 2 to 3 times orally), phthaloyl sulfathiazole (0.1-0.3 g/kg body weight, divided into 3 to 4 times orally), sulfamethoxazole, etc. can also be used. Chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline or chloramphenicol can be selected as antibiotics. For non-bacterial enteritis, when the fecal accumulation has been basically eliminated and the stool has no sour smell, but the dog still has severe diarrhea, astringent drugs should be given to stop the diarrhea. For example, 0.5-2 grams of activated carbon, 0.5-2 grams of tannin and 0.3-1 grams of bismuth subnitrate are taken orally 3 times a day.
(4) In order to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, dogs should be given intravenous infusion of Ringer’s solution 100-500 ml, vitamin C 100-500 mg, 25% glucose solution 20 ml, intravenous drip of 1 to 1 per day. 2 times. The compound sodium chloride solution of lactic acid (1.5 ml of lactic acid, 500 ml of compound sodium chloride) can also be injected intravenously.
(5) Symptomatic treatment. Vitamin B, Vitamin C and Vitamin K can be supplemented. Vitamin K should be supplemented especially for those with blood defecation. For sick dogs poisoned by heavy metal salts, various specific antidote is used. Generally, 20% sodium thiosulfate solution with a dose of 20 mg/kg body weight is used, which has a good effect. Dogs with weakened heart should be given cardiotonic drugs, such as 1 ml of Qiang’erxin and 1 ml of sodium anaphylaxis, subcutaneously or intramuscularly.