Dog Medical Diseases –  Gastric dilatation

Dog Medical Diseases – Gastric dilatation

Gastric dilatation


First, it is caused by eating excessive, dry and difficult-to-digest or easily fermented feed, immediately strenuous exercise or drinking a lot of cold water.

Second, secondary to gastric volvulus, intestinal constipation and other diseases.

Diagnosis points

Sick dogs have obvious abdominal pain, howling restlessly, and rapid abdominal enlargement. Heating, salivation and vomiting, superficial breathing, increased pulse rate, flushing or cyanosis of the conjunctiva. In the later stage, heart failure is often caused by dehydration and auto-poisoning, which makes the condition worse.

The diagnosis can be easily diagnosed based on the medical history and sudden occurrence of abdominal pain and other symptoms. In order to distinguish it from gastric volvulus, it can be distinguished by inserting a gastric tube. If it is difficult to insert, it is usually gastric volvulus; if it is easy to insert, and expel a lot of gas. It is acute gastric dilatation.


Appropriate treatment should be given according to different conditions. Treatment of the primary disease should be focused on secondary gastric dilatation. For dogs with acute gastric dilatation, first try to get rid of the gas in the stomach. The gas can be exhausted by inserting a gastric tube, or a thick needle can be pierced into the stomach through the abdominal wall to deflate. For dogs that have eaten, apomorphine can be injected subcutaneously to promote vomiting. Dogs with severe abdominal pain can be injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly with Dilanidin at 2.5 to 6.5 mg/kg body weight per time. For gastric dilatation caused by gastric volvulus or pyloric stenosis, the symptoms cannot be improved immediately after deflation, and a laparotomy should be performed, and a reposition or intestinal anastomosis should be performed.

Dogs with symptoms of dehydration should be given fluids in time. Hydrocortisone can be added during intravenous injection of glucose saline at a dose of 5-10 mg/kg body weight. In the acute phase, you should fast for 24 hours and give liquid food within 3 days.

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