Dog Medical Diseases –  Gastritis

Dog Medical Diseases – Gastritis

Gastritis can be divided into acute gastritis and chronic gastritis. Dogs are mostly acute gastritis.

Cause

First, due to eating spoiled food, foreign objects or irritating drugs, etc.

Second, secondary to certain infectious diseases and parasitic diseases.

Third, the gastric mucosa has been irritated for a long time, anemia, achlorhydria, malnutrition, etc.

Diagnosis points

Sick dogs are depressed, vomiting and abdominal pain are the main symptoms. Initially, the vomit is mainly chyme, and later it is foamy mucus and gastric juice. Due to the different causes of the disease, blood, bile and even mucous membrane fragments may be mixed in the vomit. The sick dog’s thirst increases, but vomiting occurs after drinking water. Appetite is significantly reduced or refusal to eat. Or be disturbed by abdominal pain. When vomiting is severe, symptoms of dehydration or electrolyte disturbance may occur. When inspecting the oral cavity, you can often see yellow-white tongue coating and smell.

The diagnosis can be made based on the medical history and clinical symptoms.

Prevention

(1) Restricted diets generally require at least 24 hours to stop feeding. If you don’t vomit at this time, you can give a small amount of water or ice several times to keep the mouth moist. Then fed with sugar and salt rice soup, or high-sugar, low-fat, low-protein, easy-to-digest liquid food, and gradually return to a normal diet after a few days.

(2) Clean up the contents of the stomach When harmful substances remain in the stomach at the beginning of the disease, emetics can be used. Such as subcutaneous injection of 3 to 5 mg of apomorphine hydrochloride, or oral administration of 0.5 to 3 g of spit root end, or 0.05 to 0.3 g of tartar. Later, when harmful substances enter the intestines, laxatives should be used. Such as administering 10-20 ml of castor oil.

(3) Sedation of vomiting When the sick dog has severe vomiting and is in danger of dehydration, sedation of vomiting should be performed. Chlorpromazine hydrochloride can be injected intramuscularly at 1.1 to 6.6 mg/kg body weight per time, or with atropine sulfate 0.3 to 1 mg per time, intramuscularly or subcutaneously, 2-3 times a day.

(4) To invigorate the stomach and relieve pain, 2 ml of dilute hydrochloric acid can be used to invigorate the stomach. 3 grams of sugar-containing pepsin, 200 milliliters of water, take 2 days orally. For acid production and analgesia, 3 to 5 grams of synthetic aluminum silicate, 0.04 to 0.05 grams of belladonna extract, 0.6 grams of amylase, and 1 ml of condensed milk can be used, divided into 3 portions, orally taken 3 times a day or mixed with food.

(5) Rehydration in time When vomiting is severe, rehydration should be done in time. Such as 5% glucose solution, compound sodium chloride solution intravenously. If vitamin B1 and vitamin C are added, good results can often be obtained.

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