Dog Medical Diseases – Rhinitis
First, cold irritation. Under the stimulation of cold, the nasal mucosa becomes congested and exuded, so the common bacteria in the nasal cavity develop and multiply and cause mucosal inflammation.
second. Inhale ammonia and chlorine. Smoke, dust, pollen, insects, etc. directly stimulate the nasal mucosa and can cause inflammation.
Third, it is secondary to the spread of certain infectious diseases or inflammation of adjacent organs.
(1) At the beginning of acute rhinitis, the nasal mucosa is flushed, swollen, and frequently sneezing. The sick dog often shakes his head or scratches the nose with his front paws. Then the nose flows out from one or both nostrils, which is transparent and serous at first, and then becomes Serous mucus or mucopurulent, dry scabs are formed around the nostrils after drying. When the condition is severe, the nasal mucosa is obviously swollen, which narrows the nasal cavity and affects breathing. Nasal congestion can often be heard. Tears when accompanied by conjunctivitis. When accompanied by pharyngitis. The sick dog showed difficulty swallowing, coughing, and enlarged jaw lymph nodes.
(2) Chronic rhinitis develops slowly, and the nasal discharge is sometimes less frequent, and most of it is purulent. If the inflammation spreads to the paranasal sinuses, it can often cause bone necrosis and tissue disintegration. Therefore, the nasal discharge may be mixed with bloodshot eyes and have a putrid smell. Chronic rhinitis can often be the cause of suffocation or encephalopathy and should be taken seriously.
According to the symptoms of the nasal cavity, such as flushing and swelling of the nasal mucosa. Runny nose, sneezing and scratching the nose can be diagnosed.
Treatment of rhinitis. First, remove the cause of the disease, place the sick dog in a warm environment, stop training the dog, and take a proper rest. Generally speaking, acutely mildly ill dogs can heal without medication. For severe rhinitis, the Following drugs can be used to flush the nasal cavity of the sick dog: 1% saline, 2% to 3% boric acid solution, 1% sodium bicarbonate solution, 0.1% potassium permanganate solution, etc., but when flushing the nasal cavity, the sick dog must be treated Lower your head, rinse, and drop an anti-inflammatory agent into your nose. In order to promote vasoconstriction and reduce sensitivity, 0.1% epinephrine or phenyl salicylate paraffin oil (1:10) can be used for nasal drops.