Dog Medical Diseases – Stomatitis
Stomatitis can be divided into catarrhal, vesicular and ulcerative stomatitis according to the nature of inflammation, and catarrhal stomatitis is more common.
The most common reason is that hard bones, sharp teeth, nails, iron wires, etc. directly damage the oral mucosa, and then stomatitis occurs due to secondary infection. The second is the accidental consumption of quicklime, ammonia, moldy and spoiled feed, excessively concentrated irritant drugs, or secondary to tongue injury, pharyngitis or certain infectious diseases.
Sick dogs refuse to eat coarse and hard feed, prefer liquid feed and softer meat, swallow without chewing or chew a few times and then spit out the food bolus. Increased saliva appears as a white foam attached to the lips, or flows out like a thread. When the inflammation is severe, salivation is more obvious. When checking the mouth. Visible mucosa flushing, swelling, increased mouth temperature, hypersensitivity, and foul smell in exhaled breath. In vesicular stomatitis, blisters of varying sizes can be seen. In ulcerative stomatitis, there are erosions, necrosis or ulcers on the dead membrane. The diagnosis can be made based on the medical history, etiology and clinical symptoms.
(1) Eliminate the cause of the disease. Remove the foreign body stabbed in the mucous membrane. Trim sharp teeth and stop taking irritating drugs.
(2) Strengthen nursing care. Give liquid food and drink water frequently. Rinse the mouth with clean water after feeding.
(3) Drug treatment Generally, 1% saline solution or 2% to 3% boric acid solution can be used. Or rinse the mouth with 2% to 3% sodium bicarbonate solution, 2 to 3 times a day. If the mouth smells bad, you can wash your mouth with 0.1% potassium permanganate solution. When there is too much saliva, you can wash your mouth with 1% alum or tannic acid solution. If there is erosion or ulcer on the oral mucosa or tongue, wash the mouth afterwards. Coat the wound with iodine glycerin (1 part of 5% iodine, 9 parts of glycerin), or 2% gentian violet or 1% sulfaglycerin emulsion, 2 to 3 times a day. For dogs with severe stomatitis, oral sulfa and alum mixture (10 grams of long-acting sulfa powder, 2 to 3 grams of alum, put in a cloth bag), has a good effect.