Dog Surgical Diseases – Abscess
The disease is mainly secondary to various local injuries, such as puncture wounds, bite wounds, cellulitis, and various traumas. Abscesses are formed after infection with various purulent bacteria. It can also be seen that some irritating drugs (such as 10% calcium chloride , 10% sodium chloride, etc.) are mistakenly leaked under the skin during injection to form a sterile subcutaneous abscess.
It can occur in any tissues and organs in various parts, and its clinical manifestations are basically similar. In the initial stage, local swelling, temperature increase, pain when touched, a little hard and solid, and then gradually increase and become soft, with fluctuating feeling. When the abscess matures, the skin becomes thinner, the local coat falls off, and there is a small amount of exudate. Soon the abscess ruptures, and yellow-white thick pus flows out. When an abscess is formed, some can cause systemic symptoms such as increased body temperature. After the abscess is ruptured, the body temperature will soon return to normal. If the abscess is treated promptly, it will recover quickly. If it is not handled in time or properly, it can sometimes form a long-lasting fistula, and some cases even cause sepsis and death.
Deep abscesses that occur in deep muscles, intermuscular and internal organs, because of the deep location, the fluctuation is not obvious, but the surface tissue often has edema, local tenderness, obvious systemic symptoms and dysfunction of the corresponding organs.
Diagnosis based on clinical symptoms is not difficult. If necessary, puncture can be performed. If pus is aspirated, the diagnosis can be confirmed.
First, for the initial hard and solid swelling, you can apply compound lead acetate powder, ichthyol ointment, etc., or use 0.5% procaine hydrochloride 20-30 ml, benzylpenicillin potassium (sodium) 400,000 to 800,000 units around the lesion Closed to promote the resolution of inflammation.
Second, when the abscess fluctuates, it should be incised and drained in time, the abscess cavity should be flushed, gauze drainage or open therapy should be installed, and systemic therapy such as antibiotics should be combined if necessary.