Dog Surgical Diseases – Keratitis
Keratitis in dogs is usually caused by trauma or foreign bodies. It can also occur when suffering from certain infectious diseases and parasitic diseases.
The main symptoms of acute keratitis are shame, tearing, pain, eyelid atresia, and conjunctival flushing. The surface of the cornea is rough and uneven due to trauma. The cornea is cloudy, some are mild, just a layer of translucent thin pans, and some are thick, showing an opaque white membrane, which makes the sick dog blind. Cases with a longer course of disease cause congestion and neovascularization of the cornea. In severe cases, it can cause corneal perforation.
According to the etiology and clinical symptoms, the diagnosis can be basically confirmed.
(1) To control or prevent corneal infection, after cleaning the sick eye, apply low-concentration antibiotic eye drops, such as 0.5%-1% streptomycin, 0.25% chloramphenicol, 0.5% tetracycline, 0.5%-1% new 4-6 times a day, 1 to 2 drops each time. In severe cases, high-concentration eye drops can be used, such as 40,000 units/ml of penicillin, 5% streptomycin, and 40,000 units/ml of polymyxin, instill one eye every half an hour. Or apply antibiotic ointment.
(2) To promote the absorption of corneal pannus, 1% to 2% Dionin or 1% Ammoniated Mercury or Oculentum Hydrargyri Oxydi Flavi ointment can be used. Or sprinkle calomel powder.