Dog Surgical Diseases – Mastitis
Often due to bite nipple trauma (puppy bites or injuries caused by mechanical factors such as friction or squeezing), certain pathogenic bacteria invade the breasts through trauma and become infected.
Mastitis is often confined to one or several breasts. The diseased breast is swollen and hard, warm and painful, and lactation is reduced or stopped. The diseased colostrum has thin juice and becomes whey-like with small flocculent pieces inside. When the infection is purulent, the milk is pus-like, or yellowish flocculent, or bloody. The lymph nodes on the breast are swollen. In severe cases, the sick dog loses appetite, increases body temperature, loses energy, and often lies on the floor.
The diagnosis can be confirmed by seeing breast trauma and the above-mentioned clinical symptoms.
Acute mastitis should be treated early. The milk in the diseased breast should be drained first, squeezed every 2 to 3 hours during the day and every 6 hours at night to reduce pressure on the breasts. Secondly, after expressing milk, cyanine and streptomycin should be injected into the breast through the milk duct, 1 to 2 times a day. After the administration, pinch the nipple with your hand and gently massage the breast several times to diffuse the drug. 400,000-800,000 units of penicillin can also be used, dissolved in 20-30 ml of 0.25% procaine solution, and sealed at the base of the breast. In addition to local treatment, other antibiotics or sulfa drugs should be used for systemic treatment.