Dog Surgical Diseases – Rheumatism
Rheumatism is an acute or chronic non-suppurative inflammation that often recurs. Muscles, joints, and heart are the most common parts. Dogs are more frequent.
The cause of rheumatism is unclear. But it is currently considered to be an autoimmune disease. That is, the hemolytic streptococcus that invades the body of the sick dog can cause the body to produce corresponding antibodies. When there are certain incentives that cause the streptococcus to re-invade the human body, the invading streptococcus is an antigenic substance, and the invading streptococcus Anti-streptococcal antibodies combine to form an antigen-antibody complex, which can cause rheumatism. Wind cold, humidity, cold, rain, overwork, pharyngitis , laryngitis, tonsillitis, etc. are all triggers for rheumatism.
It is characterized by sudden onset, local redness and swelling, and frequent and repeated attacks.
(1) Muscle rheumatism often occurs in the muscles of the shoulders, neck, back waist and thighs. The affected muscles are swollen and painful, and the muscles are stiff when touched, which can cause motor dysfunction and inflexible gait. However, with the increase in exercise volume and time, the symptoms are reduced or disappeared. Viewed from the entire course of the disease, the affected part has the characteristics of migratory nature. The body temperature of the sick dog can rise by 1～1.5℃, and the breathing and pulse will also change slightly. If the whole body muscles are rheumatic, the affected dog will show whole body muscle stiffness, difficulty walking, and often lying on the ground.
(2) Joint rheumatism often occurs in joints with large mobility, such as shoulder joints, elbow joints, hip joints, and knee joints. The diseased joint capsule and surrounding tissues are edema, and the joint appearance is swollen. There is heat and pain during palpation. Suffering dogs have difficulty getting up and lying down, lameness during exercise, and strong movement, especially in the early morning or when lying on the ground just standing up, but with the increase in exercise volume and time, the symptoms of claudication can be reduced or disappeared.
The diagnosis can be made based on the medical history and the above symptoms.
(1) Drug treatment: Antipyretic, analgesic and antirheumatic drugs, such as sodium salicylate and aspirin, can be used to treat acute rheumatism. The dosage is 20 ml of 10% sodium salicylate, once a day. The dosage of aspirin is 0.2～ 0.5 g/time. Clofenamic Acid 0.05～0.4 g/time, orally, 2～3 times a day. Meclofenamic Acid 0.1～0.25g/time. Take it orally, 3 to 4 times a day.
(2) Strengthen nursing care, keep warm, keep the kennel dry and have enough sunlight, and change the bedding frequently. Strengthen outdoor exercise to eliminate all kinds of incentives in time.