Feline lower urinary tract syndrome How to avoid this life-threatening disease?
Feline lower urinary tract syndrome
Mainly refers to the occurrence of diseases of the lower urinary tract organs (such as: penis, urethra and bladder). Most of it occurs in adult cats over 1 year old, and some also occur in kittens or elderly cats.
Lower urinary tract syndrome can be divided into: cystitis, bladder stones, urethral obstruction, spontaneous cystitis and unexplained urinary tract diseases.
1. Cystitis: Most of them are caused by bacterial infections in the bladder.
2. Bladder stones: The bladder and urethra are damaged and inflamed due to stones in the bladder.
3. Urethral obstruction: Inflammation of the bladder causes the tissue in the bladder to peel off and block the urethra. If the urethral emboli completely obstruct the urethra for more than 1-2 days, it may cause the cat to die due to acute uremia Therefore, urethral obstruction is a serious emergency and requires immediate treatment.
4. Spontaneous cystitis: In the past cognition, it is always believed that cats have hematuria, frequent urination, and difficulty urinating, which will cause stone obstruction. In fact, recent studies have found that about 50%-60% of cases belong to spontaneous cystitis. Spontaneous cystitis has no breed-prone and sex-proneness, and cats that have been neutered have a higher risk of disease.
Causes of lower urinary tract syndrome in cats
1. Affected by the amount of water you drink;
2. Long-term feeding of cat food that contains high ash (minerals) and produces high pH, such as dried small fish and bonito flakes, because of the high amount of minerals, long-term administration is likely to cause the formation of urinary stones;
3. Due to depression and endocrine disorders when frightened, the bladder lining becomes inflamed, affecting normal urination and increasing the chance of bacterial infection;
4. Elderly male cats are especially prone to urinary tract diseases due to their reduced body resistance and narrow urinary tract;
5. When cats suffer from oral infections such as gingivitis, urinary tract infections can also be caused by licking the vulva with tongue;
6. Different diseases that are prone to occur in different genders. The urethra of male cats is long and slender in female cats. When inflamed tissues or emboli are formed in the bladder, it is easy to cause urethral obstruction. Female cats are less prone to urethral obstruction because the urethra is shorter and wider than male cats. It is said that bacterial infections are more likely to cause cystitis.
7. The incidence of diseases in winter is higher than in other seasons. Cats will become unmovable due to the cold weather, and their willingness to drink water is also reduced. There are fewer visits to the toilet at a time, which increases the chance of bacterial infection, and stones in the urine are also easy to form.
Treatment plan for Feline lower urinary tract syndrome
Lower urinary tract diseases are divided into non-obstructive and obstructive. (Be sure to take it to a regular pet hospital for diagnosis and treatment)
1. Most of the typical cystitis caused by non-obstructive lower urinary tract diseases can be cured. Anti-inflammatory drugs or antispasmodics are commonly used.
2. Obstructive lower urinary tract diseases need to be dealt with in time, because urethral obstruction can be life-threatening. Generally, urethral catheters and intravenous infusion are used for treatment. If urethral obstruction occurs repeatedly, urethral reconstruction surgery may be required.
How to prevent cat lower urinary tract syndrome
1. Increase the amount of water the cat drinks. Shit officials can put more basins in the house, place them according to the way the cat likes, and pay attention to the cleanliness of drinking water. The increase in the cat’s drinking water can promote the cat’s urine production, quickly excrete minerals from the body, flush the urinary tract, and enhance the ability of the urinary tract to protect the epithelium. Warm water can be given to cats in winter. If your cat refuses to drink water because of difficulty urinating, you can take some canned food to add water. You can also feed the cat some dry food soaked in water. For cats who refuse to eat, infusion measures should be taken.
2. Reduce cat snacks that are easy to form urinary stones, such as dried small fish and bonito flakes, because they contain high amounts of minerals, long-term administration can easily lead to the formation of urinary stones. Don’t over-provide cats with a high-animal protein diet, which will cause an increase in urine PH.