Guide to comprehensive prevention measures for dogs.

Guide to comprehensive prevention measures for dogs.

Diseases in dogs can often cause significant economic losses, and certain zoonotic diseases (such as leptospirosis, rabies, toxoplasmosis, etc.) can also directly endanger the health of humans and other animals. Especially under the conditions of concentrated breeding , it is easy to spread in the dog group. Therefore, it is necessary to do a good job in the hygiene and epidemic prevention of the dog farm to improve the disease resistance of the dog. Some people think that as long as the dog is vaccinated, dogs will be safe. This view is wrong. Vaccination of dogs is very necessary to improve the specific resistance of dogs and reduce or avoid the occurrence of infectious diseases, but everything is relative. Vaccination can improve the immunity of dogs, but it is produced after vaccination. The strength of immunity, the degree of immunity produced by the dog is affected by many factors, such as the strength of the dog’s physique, the interference of maternal antibodies, the time of immunization, the quality of the vaccine, the dose of the vaccine, and the pathogens in the external environment The degree of pollution, etc. Therefore, in order to improve the disease resistance of dogs, it is necessary to conscientiously implement comprehensive epidemic prevention measures to strengthen breeding management, quarantine, epidemic prevention, disinfection, isolation, and strict treatment of sick and dead dogs. The specific content mainly includes:

Strengthen feeding management

Keep dogs scientifically and improve their general resistance. The so-called general resistance refers to the inherent disease resistance of the dog itself, such as the bactericidal effect of skin, mucous membrane, saliva, etc., various non-specific antibodies in body fluids, etc., which play an important role in the normal course of disease prevention. The improvement of general resistance requires scientific feeding and management and strengthening exercises. Therefore, group-bred kennels should be raised in groups according to individual size, physical strength, age, temperament, etc.; young dogs should be fed in time, and adult dogs should be fed regularly and quantitatively; to prevent partial eclipse, single feed and sudden changes; timely supply of sufficient quantities Clean drinking water. Allowing dogs to eat and eat well can not only prevent digestive tract diseases, but also make them healthy and improve the body’s disease resistance.

Improve kennel hygiene

Timely removal of feces and urine, so that dogs have a good living environment, is an important measure to prevent the spread of diseases. There are many diseases of dogs,
They are all spread through the digestive tract through feces, urine and sewage, or through the respiratory tract through polluted air. Therefore, do a good job in kennel hygiene, maintain the temperature and humidity of the kennel, ensure sufficient sunlight, good ventilation, and keep the kennel clean and dry. These are all conducive to preventing the occurrence of such infectious diseases and parasitic diseases.

Strictly implement the disinfection system

Disinfection is an important measure to kill pathogenic microorganisms. Sick dogs’ secretions (eye feces, saliva, sputum, etc.) and excrement (feces, urine, etc.) often contain a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms. Some microorganisms are very resistant and can exist for a long time in the external environment, especially when they are polluted. The pathogenic microorganisms in the soil, pens, feeding and management equipment, the clothes and shoes of the breeders have stronger resistance, and they often become important vectors for the transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases. There are non-pathogenic microorganisms in some normal dogs. But when the dog’s resistance is reduced for some reasons, these non-pathogenic microorganisms can increase the virulence. Cause dog infection. Therefore, in order to prevent the occurrence of infectious diseases in dogs, the items that may be contaminated must be disinfected frequently.

Precautions during disinfection: First, the concentration of the disinfectant is directly proportional to the disinfection effect, and must be used at the specified concentration; the second is that the temperature of the drug is increased, which can enhance the disinfection effect; the third is the contact time of the disinfectant with the pathogen for a long time or direct contact , Can improve the disinfection effect. In addition, when disinfecting, the amount of disinfectant liquid must be sufficient, and it is usually appropriate to use an average of 50-100 ml of disinfectant liquid per square meter for walls, floors, etc. The disinfectant in the disinfection tank at the gate of the dog farm should be replaced frequently. Those methods of sprinkling slaked lime powder at the door or igniting ultraviolet light tubes are not effective in disinfection.

Strengthen the work of killing rodents, mosquitoes and flies

Many infectious diseases and parasitic diseases can be spread by rodents, mosquitoes, flies and other animals. In particular, rodents can not only transmit a variety of diseases (rats can transmit leptospirosis, pseudorabies, etc.), but also steal feed. Therefore, attention should be paid to rodent control. The rodent control work in the kennel should start with the construction and breeding management of the kennel, strengthen the ground and wall foundation buildings, and pay attention to closing the doors and windows of the feed storehouse. Rodent baits should be put on the road where the rodents are out of people (dogs should be prevented from eating by mistake), and dead rodents should be buried or burned in time to prevent poisoning or infectious diseases from being eaten by dogs. The main purpose of eliminating mosquitoes and flies is to do a good job in sanitation and thoroughly clean up mosquitoes and flies breeding places.

Strengthen quarantine and vaccination

In order to prevent the occurrence of infectious diseases, self-reproduction and self-support methods should be adopted to avoid spreading human-to-human infectious diseases from other places. Dog breeds must be imported from other places in the breeding farm, and for the newly introduced puppies. Must be kept in isolation from the original dog group for 1 month, only dogs without infectious diseases
Before entering the original kennel. Dogs should also be vaccinated on time with Penta vaccine. Always maintain environmental sanitation and disinfect the dog’s body to prevent skin diseases and mites.

Deworming regularly

It is an important measure to prevent parasitic diseases and ensure the health of the dog. It should be carried out in a planned way. Generally, the puppies should be dewormed for the first time after weaning. It is best to deworm puppies under 6 months of age once a month, adult dogs should be dewormed once every quarter, female dogs should be dewormed once before mating, and lactating bitches and puppies can be dewormed at the same time. In order to improve the deworming effect. It is best to perform a fecal test before each deworming, and choose the appropriate deworming drugs based on the results of the fecal test.

Measures to be taken after an infectious disease

First, strengthen observation, detect sick dogs early and diagnose them in time. Keepers should pay attention to the appetite, drinking water, feces, urine and general conditions of the dog group in order to find the sick dog in time. When an infectious disease is suspected, a veterinarian should be asked to make a diagnosis in time, so that corresponding measures can be taken to control the disease that has occurred to a minimum and put it out.

second. After it is determined to be an infectious disease, urgent measures should be taken quickly to strictly isolate the sick dog from the healthy dog ​​to avoid spreading the infection. Dogs that have no hope of curing or are very harmful to severe illness should be promptly culled and eliminated. Those with therapeutic value should be treated promptly under isolation conditions.

Third, bedding used by sick or suspicious dogs, utensils, kennels, and sports grounds contaminated by feces must be strictly disinfected to eliminate pathogens in the environment. The remaining feed, contaminated bedding and feces should be burned and cannot be reused. The corpse of sick dogs is strictly prohibited for necropsy and arbitrary discarding, and should be buried deep or burned far away from the kennels and wells.

Fourth, the skin, meat, and internal organs of dogs with infectious diseases and dogs with suspected infectious diseases must be inspected by a veterinarian and treated separately according to regulations before being used or buried deeply.

Fifth, during the occurrence of infectious diseases, the dog farm should strictly prohibit foreign people, animals and vehicles from entering and leaving. When entering and exiting the kennel, the personnel on this site must undergo strict disinfection.

Sixth, after the epidemic is extinguished, all kennels on the site should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. The kennel is closed for 2 to 4 weeks, and then thoroughly disinfected before entering the dog for breeding.

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