Identification and selection of Chinese rural dogs.
When distinguishing Chinese rural dogs from other dog breeds, it should be distinguished by combining the living environment of the local ethnic group and the local culture. For example, some friends have mentioned that the Liangshan dog should be regarded as a Chinese rural dog, but the Liangshan dog is a breed from high altitude and cold minority areas. Although its body shape is similar to that of a rural dog, it does not matter in terms of wildness, hair quality and head shape. It is a breed more acceptable to Tibetan dogs. In particular, the long-haired Liangshan dog looks like a Tibetan dog. Its forehead is wide and its ears are small, and its ears are large and collapsed. In our eyes, the “earth dog” (Chinese rural dog) has a flat forehead and narrow ears. The height, small ears and upright or semi-upright (half drooping) are difficult to see, so Liangshan should not be regarded as one of the Chinese pastoral dogs.
The two breeds of Eastern Sichuan Hound and Xiasiquan are well-known dog breeds in China. Compared with most pastoral dogs, they have very different physical appearances, and they should belong to the minority dog breeds. It is possible that the Eastern Sichuan Hound belonged to the ancient Ba people, and the subordinate dogs belonged to the Miao nationality, so neither of them should be classified as Chinese Garden Dogs. Some people say that the Hubei Arrow Dog is very similar to the Taiwanese native dog, but careful observation will show that it is closer to the Eastern Sichuan Hound. Many physical features are very similar to the Eastern Sichuan Hound, especially the bamboo shoot tail is the same as the Eastern Sichuan Hound. It is not seen in other dog breeds. There is also the bearded dog in Hunan, which should be in the same line as the subordinate dog, so the Hubei arrow hair and bearded dog are not among the Chinese pastoral dogs.
Head: The head features more closely resemble the appearance of its ancestor wolf, with a pointed mouth, a short mouth, and a flat forehead.
Ears: The ears are high, small and upright or semi-upright. The semi-upright ears are half-dangling toward the front of the head. (Unlike other dog breeds with big ears and the ears are completely collapsed to the sides of the head)
Tail: The tail is tilted upwards, especially when walking. It is mainly the tail of money and sickle. (Significantly different from the straighter and drooping tails of most Western dog breeds)
Hind Legs: When standing still, the hind legs are clearly straight and perpendicular to the ground, and the ankle joints are not obviously bent. (Especially when compared with the curved ankle joints of the hind legs of most Western dog breeds)
Hair: Mainly medium hair, coarse hair, easy to keep clean. The colors are yellow, white, black, and variegated.
Body shape: The body is well-proportioned and compact; medium size, the ratio of body length to shoulder height is about 1:1, and the hind legs are straight and almost perpendicular to the ground to make the whole body into a square.