Saint Bernard’s feeding method.
Feeding and management of puppies
1. Ensure adequate nutrition and palatability of feed
The feed for the puppies after weaning should be rich in nutrition, containing sufficient protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, D, etc., and the protein content in the feed should reach 22% or more, of which animal feed should account for 30%; The palatability is better, it is necessary to prepare some thin, soft, easy-to-digest feed, and appropriately add some milk, cod liver oil, etc.
Feed at least 4 times a day. For puppies who are picky eaters or have poor appetites, they should be fed less frequently so that they can maintain a strong appetite for each meal while providing puppies with adequate drinking water.
2. Be kind to puppies, so that they can quickly adapt to the new environment
The puppies have just left the bitch and entered a brand new environment. They are often afraid of the environment. At this time, the breeder should caress them. After a day or two, once the puppies adapt to the new environment, they will get better. After the puppies are emotionally stable, the breeder can gently touch their coat to make them feel cordial and make them docile.
3. Deworming regularly
There are many parasites inside and outside the dog, and the puppies’ ability to resist diseases is not perfect, and they are especially prone to diseases, which will seriously affect the growth, development, and even death of the puppies. Therefore, the insects must be dewormed regularly, usually once a month or so. The feces discharged after deworming should be stacked and processed in a centralized manner to prevent environmental pollution or two infections caused by dogs licking their feces.
At the age of 2 months, puppies should also be vaccinated regularly according to the characteristics of various infectious diseases.
5. Strengthen daily management to train Saint Bernard puppies to defecate and sleep in a fixed place in time
Puppies should be fully sunbathing to prevent the occurrence of rickets and rickets. The kennel should be cleaned frequently, bedding should be changed frequently, and kept clean and dry. The skin of puppies is thin and tender, so be gentle when combing the coat, so as not to injure the skin. The daily activity time of puppies should not be too long. According to the individual and weather conditions, 30-60 minutes each time is more appropriate. The puppies should be carefully observed, and should be checked and treated promptly after illness.
Breeding and management of young dogs
Young dogs generally refer to dogs 4-6 months old after birth. This period is the fastest growing period of Saint Bernard.
The feed for Saint Bernard young dogs requires high nutritional value, good palatability and easy digestion. In addition to the rich protein, vitamin A, D, fat and other nutrients in the feed, special attention should be paid to supplementing the essential nutrients such as calcium and phosphorus to promote bone growth.
At the age of 4 months, do not overfeed each time, otherwise, the weight will be too large, which will easily cause body deformation, which is not conducive to the growth of bones.
At the age of 6 months, the canine teeth have grown and can be bitten by the bones of the cow. In order to accelerate the development of the dog’s body, the proportion of protein can be increased in the feed, especially animal protein should account for more than 1/3 of the total protein content, and the proportion of energy feed should be increased. Daily feeding should be regular, quantitative, qualitative, and temperature-fixed, and feed at least 3 times a day. The food should be kept fresh, made and fed now, and not fed with rotten and spoiled feed. Tableware should be cleaned after use and regularly disinfected. To ensure the supply of clean drinking water for young dogs, pay special attention in summer, and do not drink residual water from sewage to prevent gastroenteritis.
1) Group management. Keep dogs of similar age, sex, breed, and individual condition together. Pick out those who are grumpy and eager to eat, and keep them together with those who can be grouped together.
2) Deworming regularly. Young dogs should also be dewormed regularly, usually once a month.
3) Observe carefully. The breeder should strengthen the observation of the dog’s eating situation and usual performance, find out the cause of the abnormality in time, and take corresponding measures. Under the condition of large-scale breeding, it is necessary to prevent the domineering behavior of individual dogs. The size of each dog’s food intake and whether it is full or not depends on the detailed and long-term observation of the breeder. At the same time, pay attention to whether there is any phenomenon of bullying the weak in the dog group. Once found, they should be raised separately.
4) Careful management. It is necessary to do a good job in sanitation inside and outside the house, remove feces and dirt in time, disinfect regularly, and strengthen food hygiene at the same time.