Symptoms and treatment of bladder stones in dogs.

Symptoms and treatment of bladder stones in dogs.

Overview

Bladder stones are also a relatively common disease in normal times. It is common in adult or elderly dogs, and it is rare for puppies to have such conditions. The cause of bladder stones is not very clear, usually related to urinary tract infections, mineral metabolism disorders, and daily diet and other related factors. Minor stones can be improved by catheterization. If the stones are more serious, they must be resolved by surgery.

Causes

In dogs, bladder stones are basically small gravels. The cause of bladder stones is not yet fully understood. It is generally believed to be related to urinary tract infections, pathological changes, mineral metabolism disorders, and changes in urine pH. The center of the stone may be related to inflammation. The accumulation of bacteria and inflammatory products in the urine can become the core of salt crystal precipitation. Later, if the calcium content in the urine is too high, or the water is insufficient in summer, the salt concentration in the urine is too high. Higher, leading to enlarged stones. At the same time, urine pH value, such as alkaline, will promote the form of stones. Urine in the urine, if the urine retention time is too long, the urea will be decomposed into ammonia, making the urine alkaline and making some of it difficult to dissolve under alkaline conditions. The precipitation of salt and the precipitation of salt crystals promote the formation of stones.

The main symptoms

Dogs with urinary stones usually show depression, anorexia or fasting, and reluctance to exercise; the body temperature is generally normal in the early stage, and then the body temperature rises when the symptoms appear, and the body temperature drops to death after the occurrence of uremia in the later stage. When the urethra is incompletely blocked, sometimes vomiting, unwilling to drink but desire to drink, difficulty urinating, painful and prolonged time, frequent but small amount of urine, drip-like or linear urine, sometimes hematuria, and involuntary urination at night when sleeping, During the day, it was found that the nest was wet. When the urethra is blocked, vomiting and loss of appetite. Abdominal circumference generally does not increase significantly, and it is painful to touch tightly. Careful inspection can feel a full bladder. If not treated in time, you can die because of uremia.

Diagnostic criteria

Generally, a catheter is used for catheterization. If the urine contains white crystals, it means that there is a stone. If the situation is serious, surgery must be done as soon as possible!

Treatment method

1. Dogs without urethral blockage can be given foods rich in vitamin A, at the same time fed with stone-eliminating Chinese medicine, and a lot of clean drinking water and diuretics, etc., and pay attention to observing the urination and clinical symptoms .

2. Dogs with urethral blockage or large bladder stones in the bladder should undergo surgery to remove the stones as soon as possible. Basically, the operation will go to the hospital. After the operation is over, you still have to pay attention to your daily diet, because stones are a disease that is likely to recur and it is difficult to achieve a radical cure.

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