Symptoms and treatment of canine Babesia.

Symptoms and treatment of canine Babesia.

Overview

This disease is a blood parasitic disease transmitted by ticks caused by Babesia canis or Babesia gibbsi.

Causes

The disease is spread by ticks. Once infected, Babesia will multiply in red blood cells. The disease is also suspected to be transmitted through the placenta and is related to the debilitating syndrome of puppies.

The main symptoms

Acute attacks, anemia, accompanied by fever and sluggishness, are the most common characteristic symptoms. Chronic infections are uncommon and have no characteristic symptoms. Acute onset Babesia, accompanied by hypotensive shock and hypoxia, can lead to death. In addition, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly can also be observed. Various other clinical symptoms vary depending on the infected tissue. Mild to severe lung disease, vomiting, diarrhea, ulcerative stomatitis, severe bleeding, myositis and rhabdomyolysis, and central nervous system symptoms.

Diagnostic criteria

1. Epidemiological investigation: whether there are ticks transmitting the disease in the local area, and whether it is the active season of ticks at that time. Whether the sick dog has a history of being bitten by a tick or has caught a tick on its body.

2. Clinical symptoms: Canine Babesia, mainly manifested as high fever, jaundice, and dyspnea. Some dogs have an enlarged spleen and are sensitive to touch. Urine contains protein and occasionally hemoglobin. Babesia guinea disease often presents a chronic course, with fever only at the beginning of the disease or intermittent fever. The sick dog is highly anemic, but has no jaundice. Although he has a good appetite, he is highly lean, and his urine contains protein or a trace amount of hemoglobin. Sick dogs often die of exhaustion. If you can endure it, the anemia will gradually disappear and recover after 3 to 6 weeks.

3. Laboratory examination: take blood from the ear tip of the sick dog to make a smear, and then check after staining with Ji’s solution. If a typical parasite is found, the diagnosis can be confirmed.

Treatment method

Application of triazamidine (Benier, Schistosomiasis), the dosage is 3.5 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneously or intramuscularly, once a day for two consecutive days. Or use imidazolide at a dosage of 5 mg/kg body weight, once subcutaneously or intramuscularly, or once every 24 hours, or use 5 to 7 mg/kg body weight intramuscularly, once every 14 days.

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