Symptoms and treatment of Canine postpartum epilepsy.

Symptoms and treatment of Canine postpartum epilepsy.

Overview

Canine postpartum epilepsy refers to a metabolic disease characterized by muscle tonic spasm caused by hypocalcemia and abnormal motor nerve excitement in female dogs after childbirth. This disease mostly occurs in small bitches with many litters after childbirth. Occasionally occurs during childbirth, before childbirth, and after childbirth of medium-sized female dogs.

Causes

1. Insufficient calcium supply or imbalance of calcium and phosphorus ratio or insufficient vitamin D in food during pregnancy.

2. The female dog gives birth to more litters and the milk supply is also large, so the blood calcium content of the female dog will inevitably decrease.

3. Weather changes, long-distance transportation, fright and other stress factors are the triggers of the disease.

The main symptoms

1. The disease occurs 7-20 days after delivery, and it rarely occurs after weaning. It is more common in small pet dogs, but rarely in large dogs. The more litters, the more likely it is to get sick.

2. Acute onset, often without any pre-symptoms and sudden onset. After the onset of the dog, lying on the ground, head, neck and whole body muscle tonic spasm or muscle tremor. Body temperature rises above 40℃, shortness of breath , and palpitations.

3. Mouth membrane is bruised, visible mucosal hyperemia, eyeballs are rolled up, and white foam is often attached to the corners of the mouth. Sweat all over the body and have symptoms of dehydration. If not treated in time, death will occur more than 1-2 days later.

4. Dogs who are mildly ill are conscious and have a little response to the owner’s call. Dogs who are severely ill are unconscious and fall to the ground, kicking their limbs wildly.

5. The rapid relief or elimination of symptoms after calcium supplementation is a major feature of the disease.

Diagnostic criteria

A clear judgment can be made based on clinical manifestations and combined with blood tests. Sick dogs with the above symptoms are suspected of postpartum epilepsy. Blood can be drawn from the sick dog for testing. If the blood calcium decreases to 4-7 mg per 100 ml, the blood phosphorus will also decrease, the blood sugar will increase, the neutrophils and lymphocytes will increase. With a decrease in eosinophils, and an increase in serum creatine phosphatase and serum glutamate-alanine aminotransferase, a correct diagnosis can be made.

Treatment method

1.The bitch can replenish calcium as early as possible, calm and relieve spasm, and prevent airway obstruction. 5-20 ml of 10% calcium gluconate is slowly injected intravenously. For dogs with persistent cramps, chlorpromazine or 5 ml of 25% magnesium sulfate can be injected intramuscularly. If the symptoms are relieved or healed after the first time, there are also cases of recurrence on the second day. After recurrence, follow the above-mentioned method and infusion once again to fully recover.

2. After the bitch becomes ill, isolate it from the puppies. The puppies are fed artificially to improve the nutritional status of the dog. The bitch should drink more bone soup to increase its intake of calcium and phosphorus.

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