Symptoms and treatment of canine sepsis.

Symptoms and treatment of canine sepsis.

Overview

Canine sepsis mainly affects newly born puppies with poor resistance. Once bacteria or viruses invade the dog’s body, the mortality rate is extremely high if not treated in time. Therefore, treatment work should seize the best time for treatment.

Causes

The central nervous system and various tissues and organs of newborn dogs have immature development, and they have poor regulatory defense functions;

The immunity is weak, and various bacteria can easily penetrate into the blood circulation through the skin, mucous membranes, umbilical cord, digestive tract, and respiratory tract to cause sepsis.

In utero, bacteria can pass through the placenta or inhale contaminated amniotic fluid during childbirth to form sepsis.

Failure to follow aseptic operation techniques during dog care can cause bacteria to enter the blood circulation.

Pathogenic bacteria infection: sepsis that occurs within 3 days after birth, usually infection in the fetus or during labor, with Gram-negative vaccines such as Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Those that occurred after 3 days were mostly Gram-positive bacteria.

The main symptoms

Mainly manifested as weakness, inability to pump milk, mental atrophy, vomiting, fever, weight loss and so on.
In severe cases, the body temperature is elevated or lower than normal, there is a tendency to hemorrhage, skin rashes, abdominal distension, jaundice, shortness of breath, hepatosplenomegaly, shock and convulsions, etc.

There may be purulent foci on the umbilical or skin, and metastatic foci in other parts of the body.

Diagnostic criteria

The puppies died soon after the onset of illness, and were obviously dehydrated before death, manifested by increased body temperature, loss of appetite, accelerated breathing and pulse, severe patients in shock, oliguria, lethargy, weakness, decreased body temperature, and died of collapse and shock. Oral mucosa, conjunctiva, and skin often have a bit of bleeding.
Adult dogs have a body temperature rise of more than 40┬░C, loss of appetite, and increased pulse and respiration.

Severely ill dogs have lower body temperature, oliguria, lethargy, and weakness, and finally die due to collapse or shock due to poor or untimely treatment. The skin and mucous membranes are bleeding a little. Blood pressure dropped significantly. The blood bacterial culture is positive.

Treatment method

1. Carry out bacterial culture, and select antibiotics with bactericidal effect according to the drug sensitivity test of the bacteria. It is advisable to use intravenous administration at the beginning to reach the effective blood concentration as soon as possible.

2. For lesion treatment, the umbilical cord should be cleaned and disinfected for patients with omphalitis; incision and drainage for subcutaneous abscesses; small pustules on the skin can be disinfected with 75% alcohol and then punctured with a sterile needle to allow the pus to flow out.

3. Maintain acid-base balance. Newborn dog and baby septicemia often have varying degrees of acid-base balance disorders, mostly metabolic acidosis. Take 5-10 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate, intravenously as much as possible. Strengthen the care to ensure that if the dog cannot eat colostrum, it should be given fluids.

4. Symptomatic treatment. If the baby is convulsing and restless, sedatives can be given; when cerebral edema, dehydration should be given; when high fever, aminopyrin can be used, and when the body temperature is hypothermic, you need to keep warm.

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