What do cats need to prepare before surgery?
Cats will definitely encounter some diseases, large and small in their life, but surgery is also inevitable. Two stages are the most important in the entire process of surgery. Pre-surgery and post-surgery preparations can be said to directly determine Whether the operation is successful, it is essential to do some preparations in all aspects before the operation. So what should the pet owners and doctors do?
We can generally divide the nature of surgery into two types, one is non-pathological surgery, and the other is pathological surgery, which is the same as we humans.
-Preparation for non-pathological surgery
Generally, cats are operated on for non-pathological reasons. Most cats are sterilized. Of course, there will be other special conditions, such as tail-cutting, ear erection, etc. Pets in the above conditions are generally healthy, unless There are some congenital diseases. In short, for cats, physical surgery is only performed once in a lifetime, and no one wants to have any accidents. Therefore, it is very important to do a good job before and after surgery.
Preparations for the host before surgery at home
Just like people, you can’t eat or drink water for 8 hours before the operation. The purpose is to cause vomiting after anesthesia, causing the vomit to enter the trachea, causing suffocation. Another purpose is that anesthetics have an inhibitory effect on the intestines and stomach itself, which can easily lead to indigestion problems, so food and water must be eliminated before surgery. You can also wash and bathe your pet before surgery to keep yourself as clean as possible.
Preoperative preparation in the hospital
When the pet is brought to the veterinary hospital, do not perform anesthesia immediately. It is very dangerous to do so. Some pets are not in good physical condition. Blind anesthesia and surgery will cause the operation to fail. After anesthesia, blood pressure, heart rate and other physiological indicators decrease, and the blood supply to the kidneys is reduced, which will obviously stimulate the kidneys, leading to further decline in renal function. In addition, the use of drugs that increase the burden on the kidneys without realizing the insufficiency of kidney function leads to these problems. The result is terrible. Not only the kidneys, but the heart, lungs, liver and other large organs also have such risks. Therefore, whether it is a physiological operation or a pathological operation, the liver and kidney, heart and lung functions and blood glucose indicators must be checked before anesthesia and surgery.
After a comprehensive understanding of the pet’s physical condition, the doctor will work out an appropriate anesthesia and surgery plan based on the situation.
-Preoperative preparation for pathological surgery
Pathological surgery In general, the physical condition of pets is very bad, so preparations before surgery are more important. Performing various physical examinations has become the top priority, and some adjustments can be made according to the report. , Do not blindly anesthetize, otherwise blindly performing anesthesia and surgery will not save lives, but will aggravate the condition and even become unable to tolerate anesthesia and surgery. For pathological non-emergency surgery, fasting for 12 hours before surgery and water for 4 hours before surgery are also required.
The biggest difference between pathological surgery and non-pathological surgery is to choose a more appropriate timing of surgery. Minimize the risk of surgery.
What needs to be pointed out here is that non-open fractures, especially bone fractures of the limbs, are not emergencies. You can wait until the animal’s physical condition is stable before performing surgery. The affected limb can be simply bandaged before surgery to avoid further damage to the fracture. Spinal fractures and pelvic fractures are emergency treatments and need to be treated according to the condition.
Malnourished animals are often accompanied by hypoproteinemia, which often co-exists with anemia and decreased blood volume, so the ability to tolerate blood loss and shock is reduced. The low protein condition affects tissue healing and is prone to secondary infections. It should be corrected as much as possible before surgery. It can be corrected in a short period of time by giving high-protein foods in the intestines before surgery or intravenous albumin infusion before surgery.