What kind of examinations do cats do for physical examination?

What kind of examinations do cats do for physical examination?

The tests that cats need to do within one year of age are: blood tests and stool tests. The tests for cats between 1 and 6 years old are: lymph node palpation, abdominal palpation, blood test, stool test, and urine test. The tests for cats over 6 years old are: endocrine test, electrocardiogram test and so on.

Checks for cats under one year old

Routine inspection: understand the cat’s breed, age, weight, daily diet, etc.

Rapid infectious disease screening: After the cat is picked up home, do an infectious disease screening in advance. For example, testing for toxoplasma gondii, cat plague, and feline herpes virus testing can be done directly with test strips. The price is not expensive and the results are fast.

Blood test: Check whether the cat has anemia, infection, etc., and use various indicators of red and white blood cells as the basis for judging diseases such as parasites, immune deficiency, respiratory or digestive tract infections.

Stool examination: Stool examination can find out whether the cat is infected with parasites, or whether there are some flora disorders.

X-ray examination: For certain cats of certain breeds, corresponding bone examinations are required.
Checkups for cats between 1 and 6 years old

Routine inspection: In addition to the daily diet, cat teeth need special attention. Adult cats are prone to periodontal disease. If they are not treated in time, they may cause diseases of other organs.

Palpation of lymph nodes: early prevention of some special diseases.

Abdominal palpation: mainly for digestive tract diseases.

Blood test: including the ratio of red and white blood cells and blood biochemical tests. It is used to determine whether the body has anemia, bacterial virus infection, parasite infection, etc., and whether the cat’s internal organs, such as liver, kidney , pancreas, etc., are functionally abnormal. At the same time, it can be judged whether there is abnormality based on the indicators of blood ions, blood sugar, total lipids and other indicators.

Stool examination: mainly to check whether the cat is infected with parasites, whether there is a digestive tract flora imbalance and digestive tract disorders.

Urine examination: Urine examination is also a very common diagnostic method, which reflects the health of the cat’s urinary system through the color, smell, sediment, and pH of the urine. The main purpose is to check whether the cat has stones and infections. Certain poisoning conditions in the cat also need a urine test to find out.

Checks for cats over 6 years old

Physical examination: If the cat ages slowly, its physique may also change. If the physical change is very large, it may be that the body has suffered a serious disease.

Blood test: Check the cat for blood coagulation dysfunction, determine liver function, viral or bacterial infection, and other abnormalities in the blood, and detect organ failure and disease early.

Endocrine examination: When the cat enters the old age, it is necessary to regularly screen for thyroid function and early diabetes.

Electrocardiogram: ECG + blood pressure combined with cardiac color Doppler ultrasound to monitor the cardiovascular system.
B-ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound examination: to determine the cat’s cardiopulmonary function, chest and abdomen organs, trachea, blood vessels, and lymph forms, and determine whether they have abnormalities, effusions, tumors, etc.

X-ray examination: For the elderly cats, their owners should pay special attention to the degenerative changes of their bones, especially some special breeds of cats (such as fold-eared cats and Siamese cats), which may be more likely to suffer from lumbar spine diseases.

Urine examination: The urine of elderly cats is examined, mainly to screen for kidney failure and urinary system problems, which are common diseases of elderly cats.

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