Zoonotic diseases that cat owners should prevent!

Zoonotic diseases that cat owners should prevent!

Prevention of zoonotic parasites: Deworm your cats both internally and externally on a regular basis, and pay attention to environmental hygiene. Prevention of zoonotic diseases of skin patients: Keep the room dry and ventilated, and carry out regular deworming. Toxoplasma zoonotic prevention: tableware and surfaces that come into contact with raw meat should be carefully cleaned. The meat should be boiled at a high temperature for more than 10 minutes, and the insects should be regularly dewormed.

Prevention of zoonotic diseases 1. Parasites

Parasites are the most common zoonotic disease. Parasitic infection is a common disease in newly arrived kittens, especially stray cats. If the new kittens are not properly dewormed, it is easy for other cats in the house to be infected with parasites.

Parasites are divided into endoparasites and ectoparasites.

Endoparasites: roundworms, tapeworms, coccidia, pear-shaped flagellates, heartworms, etc.

External parasites: siphonaptera, scabies, etc.

Responses

Regular deworming is the best solution. Cats can be dewormed at 7 weeks of age. Before 6 months of age, they will be dewormed once a month. After 6 months of age, they will be dewormed every three months. Cannot take a bath within 48 hours.

If the cat is free-range and has the opportunity to come into contact with the outside world or other stray cats, special attention should be paid to the problem of parasite infection. Deworming cats regularly can effectively prevent cats from infecting parasites.

Prevention of zoonotic diseases 2. Skin diseases

Mold and scabies are common human and animal skin diseases.

Mold

The most common mold in cats is Odontospora caninum, which can usually be infected by direct contact. When immunity is reduced or moisture weakens the protection of the skin, it is easy to be infected with mold.
If you often hold or pet a cat that is infected by mold, it is easy to be infected with mold, and women and children are more likely to be infected. It is more common that in direct contact areas, such as arms and neck, the skin will become red and itchy. If the infection reaches the head, there will be round hair loss.

Responses

After the diagnosis is confirmed, the cat is treated with oral antifungal drugs for about one month. During the treatment, an antifungal medicated bath can be used to achieve better treatment effect. The foam should stay on the cat for 5-10 minutes during the medicated bath.. The medicated bath lasts for 2-4 weeks, and the used towels are discarded.
Use a vacuum cleaner to remove mold spores in the environment. You can also use a 1:10 or 1:30 dilution with bleach and water to disinfect supplies and towels. Infected cats should be isolated and kept indoors dry and ventilated.

Scabies

Cat scabies is a skin disease caused by ear mites’ scabies infection. The scabies hide in the skin tissues and cause skin diseases through direct contact with cats infected with scabies.
Cats infected with scabies will experience extreme itching, causing skin bleeding. Infected skin will thicken and shed hair, and dandruff will appear. Scabies usually starts in the ears and spreads to the head, face, and feet.

Responses

After diagnosis, you can treat with topical lotion for 4-8 weeks. You can also use sulphur-containing shampoo or soap to regularly bathe your cat, combined with topical insecticide drops. Clinically, ivermectin or doramectin can be used for treatment.

When there are other cats in the house, the infected cats should be quarantined to prevent them from spreading scabies mites to humans and other cats. Regularly drip the external deworming drops and do a good job of deworming the cat outside the body, which can prevent the infection of scabies.

Prevention of zoonotic diseases 3. Toxoplasma gondii

This is a parasite that the owners are familiar with, and many people have a prejudice against cats because of this parasite. In fact, more than 200 species of mammals and birds in the world can be infected. The most common way for cats to be infected is to eat mice and birds with cysts. The most common way for humans to be infected with Toxoplasma is to eat infected undercooked meat or vegetables. Direct infection from cats to humans is rare.

The clinical symptoms of Toxoplasma gondii affect individual organs. The most commonly affected organs are the lungs, liver, intestines and eyes. Anorexia, fever, lethargy, diarrhea, dyspnea, cramps, eye abnormalities and Huangheng are the most common clinical symptoms.

Most cats and humans will not have clinical symptoms when infected with Toxoplasma gondii, they will recover on their own and form antibodies. Kittens will have a greater reaction and are likely to die from acute infections. Pregnant female cats and pregnant women infected with Toxoplasma gondii can cause congenital infection of the fetus and cause miscarriage or stillbirth.

Responses

1. Tableware and surfaces in contact with raw meat should be carefully cleaned. Meat should be cooked at a high temperature for more than 10 minutes. Uncooked pork is the most common cause of human infection with Toxoplasma gondii.

2. Clean up cat feces 1-2 times a day. Toxoplasma gondii oocysts need at least 24 hours to form cysts. At this time, the oocysts are not infectious.

3. Eliminate flies, cockroaches and mice at home.

4. Don’t give cats raw liver and meat from unknown sources.

Prevention of zoonotic diseases 4. Cat scratch fever

Cat scratch fever is a subacute bacterial disease. The symptoms include fatigue, granulomatous lymphadenitis and fever. Will spread in cats through jumping show.

Patients often suffer from cat scratches, licks or bites, usually invading lymph nodes within two weeks, causing pustules, and about 50%-90% of cases have papules on the scratched site. People with poor immune system may develop symptoms such as bacteremia, purpura liver and hemangioma.

Responses

Patients with normal immunity should be treated with oral medication for two weeks, and patients with immunosuppression should be treated for at least six weeks. Antibiotics given to cats can help eliminate pathogenic bacteria.

The owner should pay attention to hygiene and cut his cat’s nails frequently. See a doctor immediately after being scratched or bitten by a cat to avoid infection.

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